Importance of Russian-Turkish War of 1877-1878 for the Circassian History, by Samir H. Hotko

The Russian-Turkish War of 1877-1878 was the largest military conflict of the second half of the XIX century in the region of Europe and Caucasus. It broke up 13 years later the ending of the Caucasian war and did not involve the territory of Adygheya (Circassia) but still had the most direct relation to Adygheyan people whose greater part to the moment of the conflict’s beginning lived on the lands of the European Turkey and Western Anatolia.

The conflict between Turkey and Russia during that period had inevitable character for several reasons:

1) as continuation of the expansionist policies of the Russian Empire in the region of the Black sea when the Tsar Cabinet openly started with the ideas of pan-Slavism and transformation of the Black sea into internal lake of the Russian Empire;

2) because of the Bulgarian crisis of 1875-1876 that had caused a sharp aggravation of the Russian-Turkish relationship;


3) in connection with some aspirations of Petersburg to rise above its defeat in the Crimean (Eastern) war. 

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The text by Samir Hotko is taken from the book ‘The Ottoman-Russian War of 1877-78’, edited by Ömer Turan. Ankara, 2007.